Istanbul in Numbers
Here are some numbers about Istanbul;
Population : 15.519.267 (as of January 1st, 2020 – that is almost 19% of the entire population of Turkey)
Population Growth Rate: 1% annually
Climate: Avarage Temperature – 14 °C
February – 6.1 °C / May – 16.7 °C / August – 23.8 °C / October – 15.7 °C
Avarage Relative Humidty: 80%
Numbers of Temples: Mosques – 3446 / Churches – 143 / Synagogues – 16 (as of January 1st, 2020)
Suspension Bridges: 3
Literacy Rate: 97%
Students: Over 3 Million
Therefore, Teachers: Around 170.000
Tourism: Istanbul welcomed about 15million Tourist in 2019
Therefore, there are 700 Hotels in Istanbul with about 150Thousand beds. So, About 170 of them are 5 Star Hotels.
Sabiha Gokcen Airpott (SAW), located in Asian Side of Istanbul
Also, Istanbul Airport (IST), located in European Airport
Sites to See in Istanbul
One of Istanbul’s most venerable monuments. From the courtyard you will enjoy the striking view of the domes. Once inside you will see how the mosque got its name. Viewing the colorful blue Iznik tiles that adorn the interior. Also, These tiles were made at the peak of Iznik tile production in the early 17th Century
Hagia Sophia, the Church of Divine wisdom. It was a testament to the sophistication of the 6th Century. Especially The vast edifice was built over two earlier churches and inaugurated by Emperor Justinian in 537. So, The immense dome is an architectural marvel, as it seems to hover overhead.
It was one of the largest chariot race grounds of the Byzantine Empire. Also, It had a capacity of 30thousand spectators and was like the main arena of Constantinople
So Here you can see the Egyptian Obeliskand the Serpentine Column.
Gain a fascinating insight into this grandiose complex of buildings. Because It was the residence of the Sultans for 400 years. Therefore, There are four main courtyards which contain extensive gardens, pavilions, fountains, royal gates, kitchens, library and mosques. Enjoy the exhibitions such as ‘Sacred Trusts’, ‘Portraits of Sultans’, ‘Kitchen’ and ‘Imperial Weapons’
It was constructed in 532 AD built by Justinian to hold the water supply for the Great Palace. So, the Cistern is 70 meters wide and 140 meters long with a capacity of 80,000m³ of water. Also, here you will find an atmospheric forest of 336 beautiful columns. Also don’t miss the two columns featuring the head of Medusa on their bases.
Grand Bazaar is the largest and oldest covered Bazaar in Turkey with more than 4,000 shops. So A variety of handicrafts, carpets, rare jewels and souvenirs all sold in small shops next to each other.
Chura Church has one of the best examples of Byzantine mosaic art. It was first built in the 5th century at the outside of the city walls. Therefore they call it Chora. So, It means country side in Greek. So, the museum is located near the city walls over the Golden Horn today. Originally it was a Christian church. Then, it was converted into a mosque after the Conquest of Constantinople and after the Republic it became a museum.
The Spice Bazaar is one of the best known historic bazaars of Istanbul. Also, it is called Egyptian Bazaar. you can find all manner of Turkish Delight candy (lokum), baklava, teas and Turkish coffee, and dried fruits. The array of containers overflowing with colorful spices is really something to see, as well as smell.
Enjoy Cruise on the Bosphorus strait where separates the Asian and European continents. So, Passing along the shores of the Bosphorus you will view magnificent palaces and restored Ottoman villas, impressive fortresses and the waterside residences of Istanbul’s elite.
Where to Eat in Istanbul?
There are over many good Restaurants where you can taste Turkish Cuisine and local drinks.
So, Here are some Restaurant Recommendations from us;
Hamdi Restaurant – Near Spice Bazaar
Köşebaşı – in Nişantaşı Neighbourhood
Develi Restaurant – in Samatya Neighbourhood
Beyti Restaurant – in Florya Neighbourhood
Hocapaşa Street – Near Orient Express Train Station, all street is full with Kebab Restaurants
Shortly, there are more options in Istanbul.
Lacivert – in Anadolu Hisarı Neighbourhood
Mavi Yeşil – in Kuruçeşme Neighbourhood
Balikci Sebahattin – in Sultanahmet Neighbourhood
Kumkapi Fish Restaurants – The entire street is full with local fish Restaurants
Deraliye – in Sultanahmet District
Matbah – in Sultanahmet District
Asitane – near Chora Church Museum
Fine Dining Restaurants (International & Mediterrrean Cuisine)
Mikla – Top Floor of Pera Marmara Hotel
Sunset Restaurant – in Ulus Park (has a great view of Bosphorus)
Ulus 29 – in Ulus Park
Topaz – in Gümüşsuyu Neighbourhood
Traditional Turkish Cuisine/Food:
Nar – in Nuruosmaniye Street
Konyali Restaurant – in the boundary of Topkapi Palace Museum
Lale Restaurant (Pudding Shop) – in Sultanahmet Restaurant
Usually the food in Turkey is resonabily cheap, especially in fast food places or small traditional restaurants. But there are fine and expensive restaurants as well, mostly along the Bosphorus and in some good neighborhoods of the city. So, You will need to make a reservation sometimes days ahead for the fine dining Restaurants. They get busy with locals and tourist especially in Summer time.
Interesting facts on Istanbul
More about Istanbul?
- It has about 15 million population, which is more than 177 countries around the world.
- Istanbul (ancient Byzantium) was founded on Seven Hills like Rome. Therefore it is legendary
- It is the only city in the world which is located both in Europe and Asia geographicaly.
- Istanbul was the most crowded city of the world in 1502, then London took this title in 1840.
- It was the capital city of three major Empires: Eastern Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, and Ottoman Empire during their rule for about 1600 years
- There are three suspension bridges on the Bosphorus Strait connecting Europe to Asia.
- Also Istanbul has the second oldest subway in the world, built in 1875. So this famous tunnel is 573 meters long and located in Tunel neighborhood at Beyoglu district.
- It was a trading center. Therefore, Grand Bazaar is the biggest old covered bazaar in the world, with over 3.000 shops.
- Hagia Sophia was the largest church in the world for about 900 years. So, it is one of the highlight of city.
- It was choosen as the European Cultural Capital City in 2010. Because of its history and cosmopolit population.
- Four bronze horses which are decorating today San Marco Cathedral in Venice, were taken from Istanbul (Constantinople back then) by the Crusaders in the 13th century. Horses were decorating the main entrance of ancient Hippodrome.
- Over 16 thousand tons of garbage is collected each day by the Municipality. So, municapility of Istanbul has the biggest budget comparing
- There are over 3oo cemetaries in Istanbul. So, some cemeteries are like the Park where people stroll
- Agatha Christie wrote her famous novel “Murder on the Orient Express” at Pera Palas Hotel in Istanbul.
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